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The man has many layers to his nature. Each human being has room for growth, but each human being also has desires that may corrupt the soul and the way of life. The manipulation of these desires is what separates one man from another. The ability to separate oneself from others depends upon one’s own state of development. In Plato’s Republic, Socrates believes that each man is born with natural tyrannical desires, but he believes that each man can change himself according to the knowledge that he obtains and the life that he chooses to live. “The tyrannic man himself remains to be considered- how he is transformed out of the democratic man, and, once come into being, what sort of man he is and how he lives, wretchedly or blessedly (book 9, 571a).” The growth of the man and his soul is up to only himself. His life is decided by each of decisions he makes and the influences that he chooses to follow.
Socrates believes that the tyrannical man leads a bad and fruitless life. All the desires and pleasures of the soul that he may partake in will not lead him into any satisfaction or fulfillment. The tyrannical man is in some ways a prisoner to society and to himself. “Therefore, the real tyrant is, even if he doesn’t seem so to someone, in truth a real slave to the greatest fawning and slavery, and a flatterer of the most worthless men; and with his desires getting no kind of satisfaction, he shows that he is most in need of the most thing and poor in truth, if one knows how to look at a soul as a whole (book 9, 579e).” He is an imitator of worthless men and a slave to society, because he purely cannot think for himself. He believes that his desires for that which is satisfying in the moment is what is good for him, but in turn it will not lead him to eternal satisfaction. He is only satisfying certain aspects of himself as a whole, not the soul itself. He is far from the truth and is unable to grasp the power if the love of knowledge and the love of the soul.
“Throughout his entire life his is full of fear, overflowing with convulsions and pains, if indeed he resembles the disposition of the city he rules (book 9, 579e).” The tyrant and his society are parallel if he is full of a bad soul. The tyrant is the leader for the society, but the society is also influential on him as well. The soul, if feel is synonymous with society and the reflection of the people of that society is a reflection of the soul itself. This is true with the tyrannical man as well. His soul and the city’s soul are one in the same symbolically. There are certain characteristics that may cause a man to be put in the category of tyrannic and therefore leave the man unsatisfied with his soul.
The tyrannic man naturally has these characteristics that allow him to be tyrannic or unjust, but he must control and manipulate each of them to move towards the just and happy life, rather than living a life full of bad desires and a bad soul. “Isn’t it necessary that he be- and due to ruling become still more than before- envious, faithless, unjust, friendless, impious, and a host and nurse for all vice; and, thanks to all this, unlucky in the extreme; and then, that he made those close to him so? (book 9, 580a).” Plato is trying to tell the reader in this passage that the tyrannic man is for sure an influence on his society, but he is not a just one for that matter. His lack of good quality in his nature causes him to be unlucky in his effort to rule in the way that he wants. Since he is unjust, his society will be unjust and will attain all of these unjust characteristics.
Although the tyrannic man may believe that what he desires is what is going to make him happy, the truth is far from so. Socrates believes that the tyrannic man is the least happy, and that his desires put him in the category of unjust. His having the qualities like envious, faithless, unjust, etc., make him a person whose soul remains unsatisfied and who only thinks of himself and his immediate wants. This tyrannic man therefore remains unhappy and unjust because of his way of life and his disposition. “…shall I myself announce that Ariston’s son has decided that the best and most just man is happiest, and he is that man who is kingliest and is king of himself; while the worst and most unjust man is most wretched and he, in his turn, happens to be the one who, being most tyrannic, is most tyrant of himself and of the city? (book 9, 580c).” I believe Plato is trying to convey that the unjust and tyrannic man only does what he thinks society wants him to do. The tyrannic man believes that what is good for him is only decided by society, and therefore he will live his life in regret because he did not satisfy his own soul. The just and happy man, only is king to himself. The just man is a postitive ruler and attains the good qualities needed to satisfy his own soul, which in turn, reflect upon his society and makes them just and happy.
In conclusion to this analysis, I believe that Plato is using leadership as a parallel to the soul. The just or unjust man is not just using his qualities to rule a city, but to also rule and govern himself. The reflection of the tyrant or king’s soul to the society of the city is very apparent. It acts as a guide to rulership of the mind and of the soul, in order for the soul to read fulfillment. Justice is the most important of these matters. For the soul to be just, one must not take part in negative vices and matters. To live justly is to prepare oneself for judgment of the soul and of the life that one has lived. Plato believes that the just man will lead the happiest life and will find fulfillment in his soul as long as he leads his life according to what is just and good.

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