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Monthly Archive for February, 2014

In Book IX of The Odyssey, Homer explores human meaning, by characterizing two social constructs representing the views on how life ought to be lived. The Achaeans live a social life, continuously pursuing the desires limited to themselves. Homer favors the cyclops’ have a contemplative lifestyle complete and self-sufficient, freeing from themselves from the need […]

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Odysseus faces numerous obstacles on his jury home to Ithaca. Some of these involve powerful women while others involve monsters. Each of his encounters are different and each comes at a turning point in his journey home to Ithaca. Helen he meets before he has even left Troy, so he is not yet focusing on […]

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Throughout the Odyssey, Odysseus, learns many lessons. He is shown hardship, and each time as he works through it he learns something different about either himself, one of his men, or members of his family. He also learns what he means to those different people and what he could do to make things better for […]

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In Book Eleven of the Odyssey, Odysseus goes down to the underworld to see the Theban prophet Tiresias so that he may finally go home to Ithaca.  Once there, Odysseus meets many people, each of whom are important for different reasons.   However, it is key to consider the very first thing that happens once the […]

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In Book IX of The Odyssey, Odysseus recalls his time he and his men spent in the land of the Lotus-eaters. While there, some of Odysseus’ men begin to feast on the lotus fruit, which causes them to forget their desire to return home and their only wish is to continue to eat the lotus […]

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Nestor, the king of sandy Pylos, is considered a small and unimportant character in the Iliad compared to other Greek characters like Odysseus,Menelaus and Agamemnon. Though he is often seen as a nagging,long-winded, old king that is past his prime and enjoys reliving days past, Nestor is one of the most important characters in the […]

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Throughout book two in the Iliad, there is a struggle to gain respect from people or gods who may be more powerful than you. Also maintaining respect among people who are less powerful than you is outlined by actions of power. “Obey the commands of others, your superiors- you, you deserter, rank coward you count […]

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Throughout The Odyssey, Odysseus is plagued by disaster after disaster. If it’s not being shipwrecked, it’s being held against his will. If he doesn’t have a mutinous crew, he has a crew that is constantly dying and being killed. In his venture home, Odysseus seems to have very few gods that are helping him, and […]

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The Greek translation for drug is pharmakia, the root word for “pharmacy,” and refers to potions, herbs or substances thought to have transformational properties. Throughout The Odyssey, there is a prevalence of various types of herbs and drugs that are beneficial, lethal, protecting, or mind enhancing, and offer valuable perspective to Homeric thought. After Telemachus […]

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Pride and Honor

Book 9 of Homer’s Iliad is all about the Achaean leaders sending and envoy of three people to bring the mighty Achilles back to the fight. When the Greeks get so desperate, the chief counsel consisting of:  “Agamemnon, Nestor, King Idomeneus, the Great and Little Ajax, Tydeus’ son Diomedes, Odysseus” (2.481-483) came up with the […]

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