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Monthly Archive for April, 2014

Pericles is chosen “by the state” as “of approved wisdom and eminent reputation” (2.34.6). However, his opening remarks seem to allude to the fact that he will not be constraining his speech to the normal mode of proceeding. Therefore, while the people perceived him as one who would follow the common identity, Pericles initially seems […]

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    Book VIII chapter 1 the rulers and the ruled are debated. “But even on other occasions, men, I have often reflected that a good ruler is no different from a good father,” (8.1.1). Both types of rulers have the people being ruled best interests in mind. They are trying to do the best […]

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There is a link between Socrates learning about money and benefiting off of others success and and learning from the elderly and growing from their experiences. While talking to Cephalus he sees and learns about a different way of thinking and seeing how people benefit from others. Not all people are able to make it […]

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Lindsey Pelland Professor Honeycutt Roots of Western Thought March 31, 2014   Books I-IV of Plato’s Republic are centered around a discussion on justice. Socrates and his companions desire to define justice and because of this desire to discover what it is justice means and put that into words, their conversation develops and changes as […]

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Socrates and the other men are conversing and believe that the gods and their tales should be eradicated from the poems and the education of young people because the gods are lustrous creatures that punish humans for the same crimes that they themselves commit. If a god, such as Zeus were to rape a woman […]

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As Socrates, Adeimantus, and Glaucon have slowly built, and rebuilt their city in search of justice, they have seemingly focused on how to protect it, and the qualities one would need to possess in order to protect it well and justly. Upon closer inspection, however, this idea seems to contradict itself as the guardians entrusted […]

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Rough Justice

What is justice? Why should we be just? The definition of justice is important to explore as students of wisdom and philosophy. Justice, as The Republic discloses, should not be universally assumed to be beneficial. It must be defined, since some may believe that it is better to look out for their own interests than […]

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Socrates and those around him launch into a discussion involving the guardians of this new city they are constructing. They decide what qualities are most important for a guardian to possess. They discuss everything from music and gymnastics to their happiness. The various qualities they discuss form an interesting picture in which it seems like […]

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The first major myth of the Republic is the Myth of Gyges, presented not by Socrates but Glaucon. Within it, he evokes a vision of mankind as unjust by nature, incapable of controlling their greed if given the opportunity. The Myth of Gyges, however, does more than just present a portrait of humanity as self-interested […]

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The Cyrus in Xenophon’s Education of Cyrus is a man who conquered most of the known world, but there was also a man who was obsessed with what was seemly.  He cares so much about appearance that it clouds everything he that he does. In Book one Chapter two, Xenophon writes that Cyrus “is most […]

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